What is Sever's Disease ?
Sever’s Disease refers to inflammation of the growth plate of the heel bone (calcaneus). Classically, it is quite painful and usually affects children between the ages of 8 and 14 years. This is because the heel bone has three separate growth plates that don’t fuse strongly together until at least 14 years of age. When a child places too much pressure or repetitive stress on these growth plates, they can become inflamed and painful. Sever’s Disease is extremely common in young, active, healthy children.
A child suffering from Sever’s Disease will often hobble or limp after running or after periods of rest, experiencing pain when first getting up from a seated or lying position. The location of pain is usually around and under the heel area and worsens upon squeezing the heel bone.
What causes Sever’s Disease?
Sever’s Disease can be caused by increased activity, overexertion and repeated impact such as running and jumping. This is frequently seen in sports including basketball, football, soccer, netball, rugby, tennis, hockey and Little Athletics.
Rapid growth spurts can also be a cause of Sever’s Disease, as well as poor biomechanics e.g. flat feet or high arches.